Your Baby’s First Year


Immediately they are delivered, babies are observing and absorbing everything and everyone they come in contact with. They are likely to recognize your face and voice, here is a peek at what to expect from them as the weeks and months roll by.


Week 1:              Makes so much noise or cries a lot

Week 2:             They are tiny but can eat a lot

Week 3-4:          Starts making small sounds (babbling)

Week 5:             Starts smiling a lot

Week 6:              Starts moving the fingers


End of First Month:

  • Lifts head for short periods of time
  • Head movement
  • Makes jerky, arm movements
  • Brings hands to face
  • Strong reflex movement
  • May turn towards familiar sounds or voices
  • Responds to loud sounds and bright lights

End of Second Month:

  • Smiles
  • Tracks objects with his eyes
  • Makes noises other than crying
  • May repeat words, such as “ah” or “ooh”

End of Third Month:

  • Raises head and chest when put on tummy
  • Lifts head up 45 degrees
  • Opens and shuts hands
  • Reaches for dangling objects
  • Grasps and shakes hand toys
  • Tracks moving objects
  • Imitates sounds
  • Recognizes familiar objects and people.
  • Develops a social smile
  • Brings both hands together and kicks legs energetically
  • Holds head up with control

End of Fourth Month:

  • May sleep about six hours at night before waking (total sleep typically 14 to 17 hours)
  • Rolls over (usually stomach to back is first)
  • Sits with support
  • Lifts head up 90 degrees
  • Can follow a moving object for a 180-degree arc
  • Babbles and amuses self with new noises
  • Explores objects with his mouth
  • Recognizes a bottle or breast
  • Communicates pain, fear, loneliness and discomfort through crying
  • Responds to a rattle or bell

End of Fifth Month:

  • Pays attention to small objects
  • Can see across the room
  • Begins to use hands in a raking fashion to bring toys near
  • Begins teething process

End of Sixth Month:

  • Keeps head level when pulled to sitting position
  • Sits by self with minimal support
  • Opens mouth for spoon
  • Reaches for and grabs objects
  • Rolls over and back
  • Drinks from a cup with help and can hold bottle
  • Copies some facial expressions
  • Makes two-syllable sounds

End of Seventh Month:

  • Can self-feed some finger foods
  • Makes wet razzing sounds
  • Turns in the direction of a voice
  • Imitates many sounds
  • Distinguishes emotions by tone of voice

End of Eighth Month:

  • Chews on objects
  • Reaches for utensils when being fed
  • Turns head away when finished eating
  • May sleep between 11 and 13 hours a night; takes 2 to 3 naps (may vary)
  • Rolls all the way around
  • Sits unsupported
  • Gets on arms and knees in crawling position
  • Has specific cries for various needs
  • Babbles enthusiastically
  • Tests gravity by dropping objects over edge of high chair
  • Responds to own name
  • Has different reactions for different family members
  • Shows some anxiety when removed from parent

End of Ninth Month:

  • Reaches for toys
  • Drops objects and then looks for them
  • Becomes interested in grabbing the spoon during feeding
  • Picks up tiny objects
  • Begins to identify self in a mirror’s reflection

End of Tenth Month:

  • Gets upset if toy is removed
  • Transfers object from hand to hand
  • Stands holding onto someone
  • Pulls to standing

End of Eleventh Month:

  • Says “ma-ma” and “pa-pa”
  • Understands “no”
  • Claps hands
  • Waves bye-bye

End of Twelfth month:

  • May take one to two naps daily
  • Triples birth weight and is 29 to 32 inches long
  • Bangs two cubes together
  • Voluntarily lets objects go
  • Shakes head “no”
  • Has fun opening and closing cabinet doors
  • Crawls well
  • Walks with adult help
  • Says “ma-ma” and “pa-pa”
  • “Dances” to music
  • May understand some simple commands
  • Fearful of strangers
  • May form attachment to an item
  • Pushes away what he doesn’t want
  • Pulls off hat and socks
  • Extends arm or leg when getting dressed
  • Identifies self in mirror

Many factors, including genetics, influence when a child reaches a milestone. For example, a heavier baby may be slower to crawl, and a child growing up in a bilingual home or with a precocious older sibling may talk later than average. Moreover, development can be uneven because babies don’t put the same energy into all areas at the same time. So, a baby who talks early may be slower to master physical features. Remember, these are just guidelines, and a healthy child may achieve a milestone later than average. If your child is lagging in several areas, contact your pediatrician for advice.






The content or material on this blog is provided for informational purposes only. It is general information that may not apply to you as an individual, and is not a substitute for your doctor’s medical care or advice.

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